Since the discovery of antibiotics is an ongoing debate about whether or not to take these drugs as ARVI, colds and flu treatment. If necessary antibiotics may be applied to viral disease treatment, they are effective.
Antibiotics: Mechanism of Action
Today, people have successfully used various antibiotics to suppress the infection, fungal flora and even tumor formation. Antibiotics may be of natural or semisynthetic origin, that is created using chemistry. The first penicillin substance capable of destroying bacteria was discovered in 1929 by Englishman – Fleming, then antibiotics began triumphal procession around the world.
Thanks to the idea of applying them, thousands of children and adults were rescued from inflammations and infections. In wartime, antibiotics defeated gangrene and septic complications of wounds. After the Second World War antibiotics properties, an investigation was continued, so new drugs effective against pneumonia, purulent and bacterial infections of various origins have been developed.
All antibiotics are able to kill, destroy, suppress the activity of microorganisms, so they are very effective against bacteria fungi tumors that represent cell formation. While the influenza virus is not a cellular structure and functions, penetrating into the host cell and parasitizing them, it makes no sense to use antibiotics against them. Antibiotics do not have any influence on:
- acute respiratory viral infection.
But they can be used if there were any kind of complications, and the virus is now considered to be a bacterial infection. Only in this case, the drug will be effective and will help to get better faster.
How to Recognize Influenza Complications?
To avoid secondary infections after flu, doctors recommend strict compliance of bed rest for disease’s entire period, that is, for about a week. At this time, flu, cold or ARVI can be treated by antiviral drugs accompanied by ample drink for detoxifying and breakdown product and symptomatic remedies for pain and fever decrease.
Typically, flu begins without catarrhal manifestations, but already on the 2-3 day of illness runny nose, cough, sore throat appear. If the patient does not disturb the regimen, it is likely that these symptoms will take place for a maximum of a week. But if you have an illness on foot, the following complications may be observed:
- otitis media (middle ear infection);
- kidney infection;
These diseases manifest themselves in:
- high fever;
- general ache;
- catarrhal symptoms.
The infectious process is always characterized by high fever and feeling sick, so if flu fever lasts for a long time, amplifying the evening, it is time to become concerned. It is also necessary to worry if the patient has felt well, and sudden illness came back – it can happen at 7-10 days after the onset of ARVI or influenza.
It is especially important not to miss complications development at children. After the flu, there may appear pneumonia, bronchitis, and otitis. Therefore, parents need to be careful with any kind of cold. If cold or chill appear antibiotics are necessary. But doctor should appoint them and choose the treatment regimen.
It is necessary to get an appointment to select medicines that will be most effective. Modern quickly relieve symptoms means contribute to pain disappearing and the temperature dropping. Nevertheless, it is necessary to take medicines immediately, did not give enough time to micro-organisms to develop resistance to antibiotics.
What Will Help Cope with the Flu?
Use antibiotics as flu treatment are equally useless for adults and children. However, there are modern drugs designed specifically to combat viral infections. They successfully resist influenza, ARVI and cold. Antiviral drugs can:
- destroy viruses;
- actually increases interferon-protective protein production.
Antiviral drugs admission should be started taking in as soon as possible, no later than two days from disease onset. It is recommended to give them to children, elderly patients with chronic diseases, who are more difficult to carry viral attacks and are prone to complications.
Regarding antiviral drugs, some therapists and pediatricians believe that a healthy body of adults or children does not need strong medical support and it is quite capable of coping with the virus on its own if it is a simple cold or flu.